Glossary of Biblical Terminology


ATONEMENT - The belief concerning the reconciliation of God and humankind, especially as accomplished through the life, suffering, and death of Christ.

DISCIPLE - A personal follower of Jesus during his life, especially one of the twelve Apostles; a follower or student of a teacher, leader, or philosopher.

EVANGELISM - The spreading of the Christian gospel by public preaching or personal witness.

GLORIFICATION - The ultimate position that Christians (believers) will have when final sanctification is complete. It’s the end process of conforming me into the image of the Lord Jesus Christ. I will no longer sin when I am glorified. This is accomplished when I am changed at the coming of Christ, if we are alive when He returns. Total glorification is complete for the dead when He returns and dead bodies of believers are brought back to life (resurrection). Glorification includes a new body that is perfect and is like Christ’s post-resurrection body.

GODHEAD - A term used in describing God in His tri-personal existence also known as The Trinity. The members of the Godhead are God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Spirit.  All are co-equal and co-eternal altogether existing as one God.

HOLY SPIRIT - The third person of the Trinity. The person who does the nurturing work in the Godhead. The Holy Spirit resides with every believer today. He baptizes them into the Body of Christ, calls men, regenerates, renews, gives gifts, empowers, and controls the believer. His purpose in the world is to point men to Christ and bring glory to Him.

NATURAL MAN - A term used to describe man in his natural condition and state as he is from Adam in his unforgiven state.

OMNIPOTENT - A term applied only to God.  An attribute of God that means that He is all powerful.  God can do anything that is consistent with His perfect character.

OMNIPRESENT - A term applied only to God.  An attribute of God that has to do with Him being ever-present in every place. Not simply His influence, but God Himself is everywhere on earth and in heaven equally at the same time.

OMNISCIENT - An attribute of God that means that He is all knowing. There is nothing that is not known to Him. It is also possible for this all-knowing One to choose to not remember when it concerns a sinner who confesses a sin. For both the confessing believer and the sinner who trusts Christ there is perfect non-remembrance by an act of His will.

ORDINANCE - An authoritative rule or law; a decree or command.

REDEMPTION - The action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil; the action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing a debt.

REPENTANCE - Meaning literally a change of mind or thinking. Implied is the fact that such change of thinking will result in a change of behavior going in a different direction; sincere regret or remorse.

RESTORATION – The action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition.

RESURRECTION - A rising above mortality through the understanding of spiritual life as demonstrated by Jesus Christ; the rising of Christ after His death and burial.

SAINT - One who has made a covenant with God by sacrifice, Psalm 50:5. Every child of God has positional relationship with the Father and is a saint the moment He believes in Jesus.

SANCTIFICATION – Sanctification basically means to be “set apart” or “holy.”  Believers in Jesus Christ experience sanctification in the following three ways: First, believers in Jesus Christ are set apart upon conversion as saved by Him from the power of sin and the ultimate assignment to Hell.  Second, we are engaged in a process of sanctification as we grow through the power of the Holy Spirit.  Christians aren’t perfect people; however, we are being perfected daily as we strive to live for Jesus Christ according to the Holy Scriptures found in the bible.  Thirdly, upon death, we are made perfect in Him through a final sanctification that God grants to all Christians.  Therefore, Christians believe that we ARE sanctified; ARE BEING sanctified; and ultimately WILL BE sanctified.

SPIRITUAL GIFT - A spiritual gift is a unique ability given to a Christian by the Holy Spirit at conversion (when we are placed into the body of Christ). Spiritual gifts are distinct from natural abilities or talents and they have the unique purpose of enabling the body of Christ to function efficiently.

SPIRITUAL MAN - A term used to describe a man who is controlled by the Holy Spirit. When the Holy Spirit controls my life, I am spiritual.

TESTIMONY - Open declaration or profession, as of faith.